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Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management

ISSN: 2251-1261

Volume 8, Issue 1, pp. 2237-2242

© Prime Journals  

 

 

Full Length Research

 

 Title

Comparison of Anthropometric and Somatotype characteristics of

amateur and professional soccer goalkeepers in Trabzon

 

 Author(s)

1Prof. Dr. Vedat Ayan , 2Yalçın İnan , and 3Prof. Dr. Selami Yüksek

 

 Address(es)

1Trabzon University Sport Sciences Faculties, Trabzon, Turkey. Tel.: +905052381349

2Anadolu İmam Hatip Lisesi, Trabzon, Turkey. Tel.: +905054873881

3Trabzon University Sport Sciences Faculties, Trabzon, Turkey. Tel.: 05052520073

 

 Accepted Date

27th February, 2020

 

 Citation

Ngutiku PK, Karanja NP, Odihiambo R (2017). Comparison of Anthropometric and Somatotype characteristics of amateur and professional soccer goalkeepers in Trabzon. Prim. J. Bus. Admin. Manage. 8(1): 2237-2242.

 

 Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the somatotype differences between the junior goalkeepers playing for the amateur and professional soccer teams in the U-13 League of Trabzon. Sixty volunteer goalkeepers, including 30 professional and 30 amateur players from professional and amateur teams in the city of Trabzon, participated in this study. For somatotype calculations, ten anthropometric variables including height, mass, selected diameters, girths and skinfold thickness were measured. The Heath-Carter somatotype method was used to determine somatotypes. So descriptive statistics and Data frequency values were also evaluated. The Independent-Samples T-test was used to find out statistically significant differences. While the professional goalkeepers aged between 13,06±1,73 had a mean height of 164.33±13.62 cm and a mean weight of 54.05±14.88 kg; the amateur goalkeepers aged between 13,37±1,71 had a mean height of 159.37±12.39 cm and a mean body mass of 53.94±14.80 kg. No statistically significant difference was found between the mean heights, weights, subscapular skinfold thicknesses, the girths of biceps and calf, the diameters of elbow and knee (p>0,05). Statistically significant difference was found in favor of amateur goalkeepers for the following measurements: biceps, triceps, supra-iliac skinfold thicknesses (p<0.05). While endomorph (p<0.05) and mesomorph (p<0.01) values were significant for amateurs, a significant difference was in ectomorph values (p<0,01) for professionals. In conclusion, it was found that the goalkeepers playing for the professional teams were 2-4-4 (mesomorph-ectomorphs), while the goalkeepers playing for the amateur teams were 3-5-3 (balanced mesomorphs). According to the somatotypes, it is thought that goalkeepers playing for the professional soccer teams had a better physical structure than those playing for the amateur teams.

Keywords: Anthropometry, Soccer, Goalkeeper, Somatotype
. 
 

 

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Effects of free education on enhancing access to primary education in Tanzania: A case of Newala District, Mtwara Region

Felister L. Mberege, Fred A. Rwechungura, and Pius S. Chaya

 

Tanzania has attempted to increase access to education at various levels of education systems. Despite all these efforts there are a lot of challenges which need to be address to enhance progress in the education sector. This study is one amongst many with the objective of assessing the effects of free education on enhancing access to primary education in Tanzania. The study used logic model to explain the households’ decision to enrol their children into primary school under free education policy. The results revealed that free education policy has succeeded both in increasing enrolment and in reducing delays in entering to school because more pupils have been enrolled at the legal school entry age of 5-7 year or less. Besides, free education has not succeeded in reducing dropouts because after implementation of free education policy the surprising outcome is that the percentage of dropouts from school increased.

 

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