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Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management

 Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management = ISSN: 2251-1261

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Chiuri B

Gakure R

Waititu GA

Ogutu M

 

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Gakure R

Waititu GA

Ogutu M

 

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Chiuri B

Gakure R

Waititu GA

Ogutu M

 

 

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Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management

ISSN: 2251-1261. Volume 6, Issue 5, pp. 2105-2127

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Full Length Research

 

Title

Influence of Organizational Structure in Strategy Implementation in Higher Education Institutions in Kenya

 

Author(s)

1Beatrice Chiuri , 2Roselyn Gakure , 3Gichuhi A. Waititu , and 4Martin Ogutu

 

Address(es)

1Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. Box 62000, 00200, Nairobi, Kenya.  Phone: +254 722 718 311

2Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. Box 62000, 00200, Nairobi, Kenya.  Phone: +254 722 711 295

3Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. Box 62000, 00200, Nairobi, Kenya.  Phone: +254 733 247 403

4University of Nairobi. Box 30197, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Phone: +254 722 235 168

 

Accepted Date

28th May, 2016

 

Citation

Chiuri B, Gakure R, Waititu GA, Ogutu M (2016). Influence of Organizational Structure in Strategy Implementation in Higher Education Institutions in Kenya. Prim. J. Bus. Admin. Manage. 6(5): 2105-2127.

 

Abstract

Various prior studies have concurred that 90% of strategic initiatives fail, not due to formulation but to implementation difficulties. Failure of strategy implementation efforts causes enormous costs in the organization. Despite the importance of the implementation process within strategic management, this is an area of study often overshadowed by a focus on the strategy formulation process. Institutions of higher education have been forced to re-examine their operation and position themselves by matching organizational strengths and resources with changes in the environment so as to take advantage of opportunities and overcome or circumvent threats. In positioning themselves these organizations must make appropriate strategic choices that are consistent both at the corporate and business unit level. The primary objective of the research was to investigate the challenges of strategy implementation in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Kenya. The specific objective was to establish the influence of organizational structure in strategy implementation in HEIs in Kenya. The study employed a descriptive survey design. The accessible population was senior management, middle management and lecturers of HEIs. This study used both stratified sampling and simple random sampling while the target sample size was 364 employees. A pilot study of 10% of the sample was conducted to improve on validity and reliability. Three hundred and sixty five questionnaires were distributed out of which 354 were returned duly completed resulting into a response rate of 96.7%. The results of the data analysis were presented in form of tables, pie charts, bar charts and scatter plots. The study revealed that organizational structure on its own in the regression model explained 2.4% of the variation or change in the dependent variable (strategy implementation). The study recommends that HEIs should institute organizational structures that support strategy implementation and that ensures improved overall coordination in inter-departmental linkages, improved span of control and communication flow. HEIs are also advised to centralize the monitoring and evaluation department so that all other departments are monitored and evaluated from a central command to avoid duplication of tasks and waste of resources.

Key words:
Strategy implementation, strategic management, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), organizational structure.


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